Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Sacred Spring – Vienna - Art & Design

vienna_arts and design 002_resize

Yesterday B and I ventured forth to visit the National Gallery of Victoria Winter Masterpiece Exhibition, which this year features the art and design of Vienna from the late 19th Century to the early 20th Century, with such artists & designers as Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Josef Hoffmann, Otto Wagner and Koloman Moser being among the major exhibits.

Although I have loved Klimt’s art since the early 1970s when I first became aware of it, I admit to being somewhat ignorant of the period in which he worked. This is despite the fact that I possess in my personal library a book called The Sacred Spring – The Arts in Vienna 1898 - 1918 which perfectly covers the period and art of the exhibition today.  I’ve looked at the pictures of course, but not read the commentary.

scred_spring (Small)

Anyway, today my ignorance was addressed and I emerged from the exhibition immensely impressed with the stylishness of the period and with a sounder knowledge of how it all came to be.

There were quite a few paintings by Klimt – both portraits and landscapes and also a replica of his Beethoven Frieze painting, a feature of the Secession Hall in Vienna. It was thrilling to see his pictures in person, like this portrait of his long time companion and muse Emilie Flöge.

klimt_emilie_floge 

and this portrait of Fritza Reidler

klimt_fritza_riedler

Egon Schiele’s paintings were also featured. I love this self portrait of his young self – he looks very cool and quirky.

schiele_selfportrait1910

and this portrait of a boy dressed in Japanese costume. (Schiele, like many other artists in the period was heavily influenced by Japanese art)

schiele_portraitofboy

As well as paintings, the exhibition covered architecture, furniture, and design. This was where the exhibition really shone. The items on display were exquisite examples of the period – surprisingly modern- and rivalled the Art Deco exhibition of a couple of years ago.

For instance, this wonderful reproduction of the Die Zeit facade designed by Otto Wagner.  The picture below does not do it justice. It is a marvel of metal (aluminium) and glass.

wagner_die_zeit

There was a video of the interior of the building – it was beautifully light and kind of retro space age . Below are a  few of the furnishings, also designed by Wagner. I really dug the warm air diffuser.

vienna-h

The surprise discovery of exhibition for me was the design work of Koloman Moser. Multi skilled, he designed furniture, tableware, jewellery, posters and textiles and also was a painter – his self portrait is below.

moser_selfportrait_1916-17

Moser textile designs

moser_design

moser_design2

Poster for 13th Secession by Moser

moser_poster_13secession

Also impressive was the design of Josef Hoffmann, who like Moser and Wagner was multi skilled in a number of disciplines. He and Moser founded the Wiener Werkstätte, which brought together architects, artists and designers whose first commitment was to design art which would be accessible to everyone.

Below are two of Josef Hoffman’s tableware items – a mustard pot and a set of cutlery.

hoffmann_mustardpot hoffmann_cutlery

A great many of the artists and designers on display were members of the Vienna Secession which was formed in 1897, and represented a break away group of artists, seceding from the conservative Vienna Kunstlerhaus.  The Secession group held many exhibitions in their own building constructed by Joseph Maria Olbrich.

The exhibition displayed quite a few of the posters advertising the exhibitions. The one below was one of my favourites, though all of them were stunning, design wise.

Andri_poster_28secession

Needless to say we emerged from the exhibition, after wandering through it for two hours, our minds blown by what we had seen.  It was a fabulous and eye opening show of extraordinary brilliance.

The pictures above are mostly scans of postcards I purchased, as is my habit, at the Gallery shop, or from the program.

Next week I’m going to the Tutankhamen exhibition at Melbourne Museum.

5 comments:

Ann O'Dyne said...

yes, as you say 'stunning'. I am eagerly anticipating getting there from way out west on 18th when a friend is coming in from the east and now we know 2 hours must be allotted.
We are doing Tutankhamen too. Thanks for the preview.

Anne S said...

I'm sure you'll love it. I'm tempted to go again myself.

Clare Dudman said...

I didn't know Schiele was influenced by Japanese art! But now you've mentioned it I can see how. I know very little about this period either, but I do really like it...it seems so clean and unfussy. I suppose it must have been quite a revolution after the clutter of the Victorian period shortly before.

Sounds like you've got some excellent exhibitions on at Melbourne at the moment.

Anne S said...

Clare, Indeed the furniture, tableware etc on show at the exhibition had a cleaness of design. Simple with tasteful ornamentation.

Apropos the Japanese influence - the French Impressionists were inspired by it too.

Hsve you read The Hare With Amber Eyes by Edmund De Waal? it covers both the French Impressionist and the Austrian art movements. The Hare of the title is a Japanese netsuke carving. It's an excellent memoir - reminded me of Sebald

Clare Dudman said...

Just seen this! I have been sorely tempted by this book several times, but no not read it yet. But if you say it is like W G Sebald - wellthat's tipped me over the edge. :-) Thanks Anne!